A child must have a valid passport to travel abroad, but the danger of international abduction is a serious concern.
Today children are more likely to be cared for by their grandparents if the parents are separated, divorced, or were never married. As family structures change, the visitation and child custody rights of grandparents has become a regular topic in the news.
The North Carolina Legislature approved a change in law in 2009 to expand the use of virtual visitation for child custody.
An alienated child may display characteristics including: unreasonable anger, intense negative portrayal of the target parent, lack of conflicting feelings toward parent, use of adult language by the child, and the child says things which appear rehearsed.